The paper provides basic information on human hand's anatomical structure with the location of joints and consequent types of achievable movements. The biomechanics of the human hand is described using two different kinematic models of the hand. The differences between the models are described. The Schlesinger's classification of movements of the human hand is introduced


biomechanics; hand; kinematic model; anatomy; joint

R. J. Schwarz, C. L. Taylor, “The anatomy and mechanics of the human hand”, Artificial Limbs, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 22 – 35, 1955.

W. Woźniak, Ed., Wrocław, Anatomia człowieka. Podręcznik dla studentów i lekarzy, Poland: Elsevier Urban & Partner, 2003.

Z. Ignasiak, Anatomia układu ruchu, Wrocław, Poland: Elsevier Urban & Partner, 2007.

Ł. Jaworski et al.¸”Biomechanics of the upper limb”, J. Technol. Exploit. Mech. Eng., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 53 – 59, 2016.

S. Cobos et al., “Efficient human hand kinematics for manipulation tasks”, 2008 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Nice, 2008, pp. 2246-2251.

A. Morecki et al., Teoria mechanizmów i manipulatorów, Warsaw, Poland: Wydawnictwo Naukowo-Techniczne, 2002.

M. M. Marshall et al., “The Effects of complex wrist and forearm posture on wrist range of motion”, Human Factors, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 205 – 213, 1999.

G. Schlesinger, Der mechanische Aufbau der kunstlichen Glieder, Ersatzglieder und Arbeitshilfen, Berlin, Germany: Springer, 1919, pp. 321-661.


Published : 2017-06-30

Jaworski, Łukasz, & Karpiński, R. (2017). BIOMECHANICS OF THE HUMAN HAND. Journal of Technology and Exploitation in Mechanical Engineering, 3(1), 28-33.

Łukasz Jaworski
Poznan University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Management, Piotrowo 3 Str., 60 965 Poznań, Poland  Poland
Robert Karpiński 
Lublin University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering Department, Nadbystrzycka 36 Str., 20-618 Lublin, Poland  Poland

Open access
All articles published in Journal of Technology and Exploitation in Mechanical Engineering (JTEME) are open-access. New works in this journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.