A CRITICAL REVIEW OF MODELS USED IN NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS


Abstract

The electrostatic precipitators (ESP) have been drawing more and more attention due to their high efficiency and low costs. Numerical simulation is a powerful, economical and flexible tool to design ESP for industry applications. This review summarizes the available numerical models to simulate different physical processes in ESP, including ionized electric field, air flow, particle charging and motion. It has been confirmed that the available models could provide acceptable results and the computing requirements are affordable in industry applications. The coupling between different physical processes can also be considered in simulation. However, there are still some problems not solved, such as selection of a suitable turbulence model in EHD simulation and the coupling criteria. The future study should focus on these issues. This review also includes new types of ESP developed in recent years, such as dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) ESP and corona assisted fibrous filter. These new types of ESP have had high efficiency and low energy consumption. Even though nearly all new ESP types can be modeled using the available numerical models, the most challenging issue is the DBD simulation.


Keywords

particle precipitation; numerical simulation; corona discharge; DBD discharge

Adamiak K., Atten P.: Numerical simulation of the 2-D gas flow modified by the action of charged fine particles in a single-wire ESP. IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 6/2009, 608–614, [DOI: 10.1109/TDEI.2009.5128495].

Adamiak K., Atten P.: Simulation of corona discharge in point–plane configuration. Journal of Electrostatics 6/2004, 85–98, [DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2004.01.021].

Adamiak K.: Numerical models in simulating wire-plate electrostatic precipitators: A review. Journal of Electrostatics 8/2013, 673–680, [DOI:10.1016/j.elstat.2013.03.001].

Adamiak K.: Simulation of corona in wire-duct electrostatic precipitator by means of the boundary element method. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications 3/1994, 381–386, [DOI: 10.1109/28.287519].

Chen C., Liu W., Li F., Lin C., Liu J., Pei J., Chen, Q.: A hybrid model for investigating transient particle transport in enclosed environments. Building Environment 1/2013, 45–54, [DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2012.12.020].

Chen T., Tsai C., Yan J., Tran T., Li N.: An efficient wet electrostatic precipitator for removing nanoparticles, submicron and micron-sized particles. Separation and Purification Technology 11/2014, 27–35, [DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2014.08.032].

Choi B., Fletcher, C.: Turbulent particle dispersion in an electrostatic precipitator. Applied Mathematical Modeling 12/1998, 1009–1021, [DOI:10.1016/S0307-904X(98)10034-3].

Chun Y., Chang J., Berezin A., Mizeraczyk J.: Numerical modeling of near corona wire electrohydrodynamic flow in a wire-plate electrostatic precipitator. IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 2/2007, 119–124, [DOI:10.1109/TDEI.2007.302879].

Delfino J., Sioutas C., Malik, S.: Potential role of ultrafine particles in associations between airborne particle mass and cardiovascular health. Environmental Health Perspectives 8/2005, 934–946, [DOI: 10.1289/ehp.7938].

Dordizadeh P., Adamiak K., Castle, G.S.P.: Numerical investigation of the formation of Trichel pulses in a needle-plane geometry. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 8/2015, 1–13, [DOI:10.1088/0022-3727/48/41/415203].

Dramane B., Zouzou N., Moreau E., Touchard, G.: Electrostatic precipitation of submicron particles using a DBD in axisymmetric and planar configurations. IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 4/2009, 343–351, [DOI: 10.1109/TDEI.2009.4815162].

Farnoosh N., Adamiak K., Castle, G.S.P.: 3-D numerical analysis of EHD turbulent flow and mono-disperse charged particle transport and collection in a wire-plate ESP. Journal of Electrostatics 12/2010, 513–522, [DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2010.07.002].

Farnoosh N., Adamiak K., Castle, G.S.P.: 3-D numerical simulation of particle concentration effect on a single-wire ESP performance for collecting poly-dispersed particles. IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 2/2011, 211–220, [DOI:10.1109/TDEI.2011.5704512].

Farnoosh N., Adamiak K., Castle, G.S.P.: Numerical calculations of submicron particle removal in a spike-plate electrostatic precipitator. IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 10/2011, 1439–1452, [DOI: 10.1109/TDEI.2011.6032814].

Farnoosh N., Adamiak K., Castle, G.S.P.: Three-dimensional analysis of electrohydrodynamic flow in a spiked electrode-plate electrostatic precipitator. Journal of Electrostatics 10/2011, 419–428, [DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2011.06.002].

Feng Z., Long Z., Mo J.: Experimental and theoretical study of a novel electrostatic enhanced air filter (EEAF) for fine particles. Journal of Aerosol science 12/2016, 41–54, [DOI: 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2016.08.012].

Feng Z., Long Z., Yu, T.: Filtration characteristics of fibrous filter following an electrostatic precipitator. Journal of Electrostatics 10/2016, 52–62, [DOI:10.1016/j.elstat.2016.07.009].

Fuchs N.: On the stationary charge distribution on aerosol particles in a bipolar ionic atmosphere. Pure and Applied Geophysics 9/1963, 185–193, [DOI: 10.1007/BF01993343].

Ghazanchaei M., Adamiak K., Castle G.S.P.: Predicted flow characteristics of a wire-nonparallel plate type electrohydrodynamic gas pump using the Finite Element Method. Journal of Electrostatics 73/2015, 103–111, [DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2014.11.003].

Guo B., Yu A., Guo J.: Numerical modeling of electrostatic precipitation: Effect of gas temperature. Journal of Aerosol science 11/2014, 102–115, [DOI: 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2014.07.009].

Jaworek A., Krupa A., Adamiak K.: Submicron charged dust particle interception by charged drops. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications 8/2002, 985–991, [DOI: 0.1109/28.720438].

Kherbouche F., Benmimoun Y., Tilmatine A., Zouaghi A., Zouzou, N.: Study of a new electrostatic precipitator with asymmetrical wire-to-cylinder cofiguration for cement particles collection. Journal of Electrostatics 10/2016, 7–15, [DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2016.07.001].

Kihm K.: Effects of nonuniformities on particle transport in electrostatic precipitators. 1987, Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.

Kim H., Han B., Kim Y., Oda T., Won, H.: Submicrometer particle removal indoors by a novel electrostatic precipitator with high clean air delivery rate, low ozone emissions and carbon fiber ionizer. Indoor Air 10/2013, 369–378, [DOI: 10.1111/ina.12037].

Lancereau Q., Roux J., Achard J.: Electrohydrodynamic flow regimes in a cylindrical electrostatic precipitator. IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 8/2013, 1409–1420, [DOI:10.1109/TDEI.2013.6571463].

Lei H., Wang L., Wu, Z.: EHD turbulent flow and Monte-Carlo simulation for particle charging and tracing in a wire-plate electrostatic precipitator. Journal of Electrostatics 3/2008, 130–141, [DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2007.11.001].

Lelieveld J., Evans S., Fnais M., Giannadaki D., Pozzer, A.: The contribution of outdoor air pollution sources to premature mortality on a global scale. Nature 9/2015, 367–371, [DOI:10.1038/nature15371].

Li Z., Liu Y., Xing Y., Tran T., Le T., Tsai C.: Novel wire-on-plate electrostatic precipitator (WOP-EP) for controlling fine particle and nanoparticle pollution. Environmental Science & Technology 7/2015, 8683–8690, [DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b01844].

Li Z., Liu Y., Xing Y., Tran T., Le T., Tsai C.: Novel wire-on-plate electrostatic precipitator (WOP-EP) for controlling fine particle and nanoparticle pollution. Environmental Science & Technology, 7/2015, 8683–8690, [DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b01844].

Liang W., Lin T.: The characteristics of ionic wind and its effect on electrostatic precipitator. Aerosol Science & Technology 2/1994, 330–344, [DOI: 10.1080/02786829408959689].

Lin G., Tsai C.: Numerical modeling of nanoparticle collection efficiency of single-stage wire-in-plate electrostatic precipitators. Aerosol Science & Technology 10/2010, 1122–1130, [DOI: 10.1080/02786826.2010.512320].

Liu W., Wen J., Chao J., Yin W., Shen C., Lai D., Lin C., Liu J., Sun H., Chen Q.: Accurate and high-resolution boundary conditions and flow fields in the first-class cabin of an MD-82 commercial airliner. Atmospheric Environment 9/2012, 33–44, [DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.03.039].

Long Z., Yao Q., Song Q., Li S.: Three-dimensional simulation of electric field and space charge in the advanced hybrid particulate collector. Journal of Electrostatics 11/2010,835–-843, [DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2009.07.001].

Long Z., Yao Q., Song Q., Li S.: A second-order accurate finite volume method for the computation of electrical conditions inside a wire-plate electrostatic precipitator on unstructured meshes. Journal of Electrostatics 7/2009, 597–604, [DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2008.12.006].

Long Z., Yao Q.: Evaluation of various particle charging models for simulating particle dynamics in electrostatic precipitators. Journal of Aerosol science 7/2010, 702–718, [DOI: 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2010.04.005].

Long Z., Yao Q.: Numerical simulation of the flow and the collection mechanism inside a scale hybrid particulate collector. Powder Technology 1/2012, 26–37, [DOI: 10.1016/j.powtec.2011.08.045].

Lu Q., Yang Z., Zheng C., Li X., Zhao C.: Numerical simulation on the fine particle charging and transport behaviors in a wire-plate electrostatic precipitator. Advanced Powder Technology, 9/2016, 934–946, [DOI: 10.1016/j.apt.2016.06.021].

Mangili A., Gendreau A.: Transmission of infectious diseases during commercial air travel. Lancet 3/2005, 989–996, [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)71089-8].

Marlow W., Brock J.: Unipolar charging of small aerosol particles. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 1/1975, 32–38, [DOI: 10.1016/0021-9797(75)90250-7].

Neimarlija N., Demirdzic I., Muzaferija, S.: Finite volume method for calculation of electrostatic fields in electrostatic precipitators. Journal of Electrostatics 2/2009, 37–47, [DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2008.10.007].

Niewulis A., Berendt A., Podlinski J., Mizeraczyk, J.: Electrohydrodynamic flow patterns and collection efficiency in narrow wire-cylinder type electrostatic precipitator. Journal of Electrostatics, 8/2013, 808–814, [DOI:10.1016/j.elstat.2013.02.002].

Niewulis A., Podlinski J., Mizeraczyk, J.: Electrohydrodynamic flow patterns in a narrow electrostatic precipitator with longitudinal or transverse wire electrode. Journal of Electrostatics, 5/2009, 123–127, [DOI:10.1016/j.elstat.2009.01.001].

Park, S., Kim, S.: Effects of electrohydrodynamic flow and turbulent diffusion on collection efficiency of an electrostatic precipitator with cavity walls. Aerosol Science & Technology 1/2003, 574–586, [DOI:10.1080/02786820300928].

Podlinski J., Dekowski J., Mizeraczyk J., Brocilo D., Chang J.: Electrohydrodynamic gas flow in a positive polarity wire-plate electrostatic precipitator and the related dust particle collection efficiency. Journal of Electrostatics 3/2006, 259–262, [DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2005.06.006].

Sattari P., Adamiak K., Castle, G.S.P.: Numerical simulation of Trichel pulses in a negative corona discharge in air. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications 77/2011, 1935–1943, [DOI: 10.1109/TIA.2011.2156752].

Schmid H., Stolz S., Buggish, H.: On the modeling of the electro–hydrodynamic flow fields in electrostatic precipitators. Flow, Turbulence and Combustion 1/2002, 63–89, [DOI:10.1023/A:1015666116174].

Soldati A., Andreussi P., Banerjee S.: Direct simulation of turbulent particle transport in electrostatic precipitators. AIChE Journal 12/1993, 1910–1919, [DOI: 10.1002/aic.690391203].

Soldati A., Casal M., Andreussi P., Banerjee, S.: Lagrangian simulation of turbulent particle dispersion in electrostatic precipitators. AIChE Journal 6/1997, 1403–1413, [DOI: 10.1002/aic.690430604].

Soldati A.: Influence of large-scale streamwise vortical EHD flows on wall turbulence. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 8/2002, 441–443, [DOI: 10.1016/S0142-727X(01)00154-0].

Soldati A.: On the effects of electrohydrodynamic flows and turbulence on aerosol transport and collection in wire-plate electrostatic precipitators. Journal of Aerosol Scienc 3/2000, 293–305, [DOI: 10.1016/S0021-8502(99)00055-5].

Tu Y., Song Q., Tu G., Yao. Q.: Experimental research on particulate collection performance by perforated plate in hybrid particulate collector. Proc. of the CSEE 6/2013, 51–56, [DOI: 0258-8013 (2013) 17-0051-06].

Wen T., Krichtafovitch I., Mamishev, A.: Numerical study of electrostatic precipitators with novel particle-trapping mechanism. Journal of Aerosol science 5/2016, 95–103, [DOI: 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2016.02.001].

Wu Z., Colbeck I., Zhang G.: Deposition of particles on a single cylinder by a Coulombic force and direct interception. Aerosol Science & Technology 11/1993, 40–50, [DOI: 10.1080/02786829308959619].

Wu Z., Colbeck I., Zhang G.: The deposition of particles from an air flow on a single cylindrical fiber in a uniform electrical field. Aerosol Science & Technology 1/1999, 62–70, [DOI: 10.1080/027868299304886].

Xing M., Guo B., Yu A.: Effect of electrohydrodynamic secondary flow on the particle collection in a wire-plate electrostatic precipitator. CSIRO, Melbourne-Australia, 10–12.

Zhai Z., Zhang Z., Zhang W., Chen, Q.: Evaluation of various turbulence models in predicting airflow and turbulence in enclosed environments by CFD: Part-1: summary of prevent turbulence models. HVAC&R Research 11/2007, 853–870, [DOI:10.1080/10789669.2007.10391459].

Zhang X., Wang L., Zhu, K: Particle tracking and particle-wall collision in a wire-plate electrostatic precipitator. Journal of Electrostatics 9/2005, 1057–1071, [DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2005.02.002].

Zhang Z., Chen, Q.: Comparison of the Eulerian and Lagrangian methods for predicting particle transport in enclosed spaces. Atmospheric Environment 8/2007, 5236–5248, [DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.05.086].

Zhang Z., Zhang W., Zhai Z., Chen, Q.: Evaluation of various turbulence models in predicting airflow and turbulence in enclosed environments by CFD: Part-2: comparison with experimental data from literature. HVAC&R Research 11/2007, 871–886, [DOI:10.1080/10789669.2007.10391460].

Zhao B., Chen C., Yang X., Lai, A: Comparison of three approaches to model particle penetration coefficient through a single straight crack in a building envelope. Aerosol Science & Technology 2/2010, 405–416, [DOI: 10.1080/02786821003689937].

Zhao L., Adamiak K.: Effects of EHD and external air flows on electric corona discharge in point-plane/mesh configurations. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications 2/2009, 16–21, [DOI: 10.1109/TIA.2008.2009389].

Zhao L., Adamiak K.: EHD flow in air produced by electric corona discharge in pin–plate configuration. Journal of Electrostatics 3/2005, 337–350, [DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2004.06.003].

Zhao L., Adamiak K.: Numerical simulation of the effect of EHD flow on corona discharge in compressed air. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications 2/2013, 298–304, [DOI: 10.1109/TIA.2012.2228832].

Zhao L., Adamiak K.: Numerical simulation of the electrohydrodynamic flow in a single wire-plate electrostatic precipitator. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications 6/2008, 683–691, [DOI: 10.1109/TIA.2008.921453].

Zouaghi A., Zouzou N., Mekhaldi A., Gouri R.: Submicron particles trajectory and collection efficiency in a miniature planar DBD-ESP: Theoretical model and experimental validation. Journal of Electrostatics 8/2016, 7–15, [DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2016.05.004].

Download

Published : 2016-12-22


Zhuangbo, F., Long, Z., & Adamiak, K. (2016). A CRITICAL REVIEW OF MODELS USED IN NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS. Informatyka, Automatyka, Pomiary W Gospodarce I Ochronie Środowiska, 6(4), 9-17. https://doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0009.5182

Feng Zhuangbo  fengzb@tju.edu.cn
Western University, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Tianjin University, School of Environmental Science and Engineering  China
Zhengwei Long 
Tianjin University, School of Environmental Science and Engineering  China
Kazimierz Adamiak 
Western University, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering  Canada