STUDY OF DEGRADATION AND GRANULAR FLOW PROCESSES USING X-RAY IMAGING


Abstract

This paper reviews the work that has been done in the past 10 years at the Lodz University of technology about the visualization and the quantification of phenomena related to degradation processes (i.e. stress corrosion cracking in stainless steel, fatigue crack in titanium alloys) in engineering materials as well as granular flow in silos using X-ray imaging (i.e. radiography and (micro)tomography). Besides presenting the experimental protocols, the paper also presents the image processing strategies that have been applied to enable the extraction of characteristic parameters from the volumetric images.


Keywords

X-ray imaging; damage; gravitational flow; image processing

Aktouf Z., Bertrand G., Perroton L.: A three-dimensional holes closing algorithm. Pattern Recognition Letters, 23/2002, 523–531.

Appleton B., Talbot H.: Globally minimal surfaces by continuous maximal flows. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 28/2006, 106–118.

Babout L., Jopek L., Janaszewski M.: A New Directional Filter Bank for 3D Texture Segmentation: Application to Lamellar Microstructure in Titanium Alloy, in 13th IAPR International Conference on Machine Vision Applications, 2013, 419–422.

Babout L., Jopek L., Janaszewski M.: Extraction of complex microstructural patterns in X-ray microtomography images: application to lamellar titanium alloy, in 7th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography (WCIPT7), 2013, 703–712.

Babout L., Janaszewski M., Marrow T. J., Withers P. J.: A method for the 3-D quantification of bridging ligaments during crack propagation. Scripta Materialia, 65/2011, 131–134.

Babout L., Marrow T.J., Engelberg D., Withers P.J.: X-ray microtomographic observation of intergranular stress corrosion cracking in sensitised austenitic stainless steel. Materials Science and Technology, 22/2006, 1068–1075.

Babout L., Grudzien K., Maire E., Withers P. J.. Influence of wall roughness and packing density on stagnant zone formation during funnel flow discharge from a silo: An X-ray imaging study. Chemical Engineering Science, 97/2013, 210–224.

Babout L., Jopek Ł., Preuss M.. 3D characterization of trans- and inter-lamellar fatigue crack in (α+β) Ti alloy. Materials Characterization, 98/2014, 130–139.

Bieberle MBarthel., F., Menz H.-J., Mayer H.-G., Hampel U.: Ultrafast three-dimensional x-ray computed tomography. Applied Physics Letters, 98/2011, 034101.

Birosca S., Buffiere J.-Y., Garcia-Pastor F. A., Karadge M., Babout L., Preuss M.: Three-dimensional characterization of fatigue cracks in Ti-6246 using X-ray tomography and electron backscatter diffraction. Acta Materialia, 57/2009, 5834–5847.

Cloetens P., Pateyron-Salome M., Buffiere J. Y., Peix G., Baruchel J., Peyrin F., Schlenker M.: Observation of microstructure and damage in materials by phase sensitive radiography and tomography. Journal of Applied Physics, 81/1997, 5878–5886.

Couprie M., Coeurjolly D., Zrour R.: Discrete bisector function and Euclidean skeleton in 2D and 3D. Image Vision Comput., 25/2007, 1543.

Fischer F., Hoppe D., Schleicher E., Mattausch G., Flaske H., Bartel R., Hampel U.: An ultra fast electron beam x-ray tomography scanner. Measurement Science & Technology, 19/2008.

Grudzien K., Niedostatkiewicz M., Adrien J., Maire E., Babout L.: Analysis of the bulk solid flow during gravitational silo emptying using X-ray and ECT tomography. Powder Technology, 224/2012, 196–208.

Grudzien K., Romanowski A., Chaniecki Z., Niedostatkiewicz M., Sankowski D.: Description of the silo flow and bulk solid pulsation detection using ECT. Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, 21/2010, 198–206.

Grudzien K., Romanowski A., Williams R.A.: Application of a Bayesian approach to the tomographic analysis of hopper fow. Particle and Particle Systems Characterization, 22/2006, 246.

Janaszewski M., Couprie M., Babout L.. Hole filling in 3D volumetric objects. Pattern Recognition, 43/2010, 3548–3559.

Janaszewski M., Postolski M., Babout L.. Robust algorithm for tunnel closing in 3D volumetric objects based on topological characteristics of points. Pattern Recognition Letters, 32/2011, 2231–2238.

Johnson G., King A., Honnicke M.G., Marrow J., Ludwig W.: X-ray diffraction contrast tomography: A novel technique for three-dimensional grain mapping of polycrystals. II. The combined case. Journal of Applied Crystallography, 41/2008, 310–318.

Kak A.C., Slaney M.. Principles of computerized tomographic imaging. New York, 1987.

King A., Johnson G., Engelberg D., Ludwig W., Marrow J.. Observations of intergranular stress corrosion cracking in a grain-mapped polycrystal. Science, 321/2008, 382–385.

Kornev A., Babout L., Janaszewski M., Talbot H.: Outer Surface Reconstruction for 3d Fractured Objects, in Computer Vision and Graphics, Pts 1 and 2, 6374, L. Bolc, R. Tadeusiewicz, L. J. Chmielewski, and K. Wojciechowski, Eds. Berlin: SPRINGER-VERLAG, 2010, 57–64.

Limodin N., Salvo L., Boller E., Suery M., Felberbaum M., Gailliegue S., Madi K.: In situ and real-time 3-D microtomography investigation of dendritic solidification in an Al-10 wt.% Cu alloy. Acta Materialia, 57/2009, 2300–2310.

Ludwig W., King A., Herbig M., Reischig P., Marrow J., Babout L., Lauridsen E.M., Proudhon H., Buffiere J.Y.: Characterization of polycrystalline materials by combined use of synchrotron X-ray imaging and diffraction techniques. JOM, 62/2010, 22–28.

Pfeiffer F., Weitkamp T., Bunk O., David C.: Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources. Nature Physics, 2/2006, 258–261.

Saúde A.V., Couprie M., Lotufo R.A.: Discrete 2D and 3D euclidean medial axis in higher resolution. Image and Vision Computing, 27/2009, 354–363.

Spear A.D., Li S.F., Lind J.F., Suter R.M., Ingraffea A.R.: Three-dimensional characterization of microstructurally small fatigue-crack evolution using quantitative fractography combined with post-mortem X-ray tomography and high-energy X-ray diffraction microscopy. Acta Materialia, 76/2014, 413–424.

Suery M., Adrien J., Landron C., Terzi S., Maire E., Salvo L., Blandin J.-J.: Fast in-situ X-ray micro tomography characterisation of microstructural evolution and strain-induced damage in alloys at various temperatures. International Journal of Materials Research, 101/2010, 1080–1088.

Wielewski E., Menasche D.B., Callahan P.G., Suter R.M.: Three-dimensional α colony characterization and prior-β grain reconstruction of a lamellar Ti–6Al–4V specimen using near-field high-energy X-ray diffraction microscopy. Journal of Applied Crystallography, 48/2015, 1165–1171.

Withers P.J.: X-ray nanotomography. Materials Today, 10/2007, 26–34.

Yang Y., Rotter M., Ooi J., Wang Y.: Flow Channel Boundaries in Silos. Chemical Engineering & Technology, 34/2011, 1295–1302.

Download

Published : 2017-03-03


Babout , L., Grudzień, K., Janaszewski, M., & Jopek, Łukasz. (2017). STUDY OF DEGRADATION AND GRANULAR FLOW PROCESSES USING X-RAY IMAGING. Informatyka, Automatyka, Pomiary W Gospodarce I Ochronie Środowiska, 7(1), 5-10. https://doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0010.4574

Laurent Babout   laurent.babout@p.lodz.pl
Lodz University of Technology, Institute of Applied Computer Science   Poland
Krzysztof Grudzień 
Lodz University of Technology, Institute of Applied Computer Science  Poland
Marcin Janaszewski 
Lodz University of Technology, Institute of Applied Computer Science  Poland
Łukasz Jopek 
Lodz University of Technology, Institute of Applied Computer Science  Poland