Environmental aspects of the production and use of autoclaved aerated concrete with low density


The purpose of the article is to investigate the state of carbon dioxide emissions generated as a result of wall materials production and the construction industry as a whole. The paper provides a comparative analysis of housing construction in Ukraine and in some CIS countries. Against the background of the indicators of low housing availability and low relative volumes of housing construction, the issue of high energy consumption remains valid. The absolute and relative volumes of greenhouse gas emissions from economic activity of the population of Ukraine are given. The projected consequences for Ukraine from continued CO2 emissions on the same level and temperature rise are estimated. It is deemed that the most suitable wall material for countries with emerging economies is autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC); since it is a structural and thermal insulating material, it can solve the problem of housing construction.

The paper shows the key priority of low energy consumption and makes emphasis on lowering the density of the produced aerated concrete, reducing mineral additives and cement production expenses.


greenhouse gases; energy saving; construction; autoclaved aerated concrete; low density

Research and Market, “Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) market by element, end-use industry, and region – Global Forecast to 2025”, electronic resource, 2020. Available: https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/6fmucz [Access: 11 Jun 2021]

Vylegzhanin V.P. and Pinsker V.A., “Autoclaved aerated concrete for economical and environmentally friendly housing”, Building Materials Journal, no.8, 2009, pp.8–11.

Dodonov B., “Monitoring the energy efficiency of Ukraine”. Available: http://www.ua.undp.org/content/dam/ukraine/docs/0061015-0.pdf [Access: 11 Jun 2021]

NASA, “NOAA Analyses Reveal 2019 Second Warmest Year on Record”, electronic resource, 2020. Available: https://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/news/20200115/ [Access: 11 Jun 2021]

Kovalenko T. and Kovalenko P., “Analysis and assessment of the impact of harmful emissions of TPPs of Ukraine on the environment”, in Electric Power Engineering & Control Systems 2013 (EPECS-2013), 21–23 November 2013, Lviv, Ukraine. Available: http://ena.lp.edu.ua:8080/bitstream/ntb/26866/1/013-036-039.pdf [Access: 11 Jun 2021]

Zapotoczna-Sytek G., “Durability of autoclaved aerated concrete based on Polish experience”, ce/papers, volume 2, issue 4, Special Issue: ICAAC ‐ 6th International Conference on Autoclaved Aerated Concretein, 2018 pp. 53-62. https://doi.org/10.1002/cepa.850

Czarnecki L. and Woyciechowski P., “Wpływ popiołów fluidalnych w spoiwie na przebieg karbonatyzacji betonu”, in Zastosowanie popiołów lotnych z kotłów fluidalnych w betonach konstrukcyjnych, Brandt A. M. ed., Warsaw: PAN, pp. 209-252 (2010).

Ukhova T.A. and Tarasova L.I., “Aerated concrete as an effective material for single-layer enclosing structures of residential buildings”, Building Materials Journal, no.11, 2003, pp.19–20.

Suleimanova L. “High-quality energy-saving and competitive building materials, products and structures”, Bulletin Journal of BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov, no. 1, 2017, pp.9–16.

Durov V.V., “Protection of atmospheric air in the cement industry”, Cement and its applications journal, no. 6, 1998, pp. 2-3.

Zapotoczna-Sytek G., “Autoklawizowany beton komórkowy (ABK) z popiołów lotnych w strategii zrównoważonego rozwoju”, Cement – Wapieno – Beton, no 3, 2006, pp. 193-201.

Rudchenko D.G., “Theoretical background of using complex active mineral additives in autoclaved aerated concrete technology”, in VI International Scientific and Practical Conference “Theory and Methods of Building Materials Science”, Kharkiv National University of Construction and Architecture, vol. 2020 (№ 2), pp.201–209.

Rudchenko D.G., Dyuzhylova N.O. and Serdyuk V.R., “Assessment of the possibility of using blast furnace granulated slag in the production technology of autoclaved aerated concrete”, Bulletin of Odessa State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, no. 79, 2017, pp. 117–126.

Zhydkova T.V., Chepurna S.M. and Borzyak O.S., “Mechanism of influence of high-dispersed chalk additive on cement stone structure formation processes”, Bulletin of Odessa State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, no.72, 2018, pp. 99–106.

Serdyuk V.R. and Rudchenko D.G., “Prospects of using carbonate mineral raw materials of Podіlia in technology of autoclaved concrete production”, Visnyk of Vinnytsia Politechnical Institute, no.5, 2020, pp.7-16. https://doi.org/10.31649/1997-9266-2020-152-5-7-16

Giergiczny Z., Małolepszy J., Szwabowski J. and Sliwinski J., Cementy z dodatkami mineralnymi w technologii betonow nowej generacji. Wydaw. Opole: Instytut Śląski, no. 92, 2002, pp. 193.

Caladron M.A., Gruber K.A. and Burg R.G., “High-reactivity metakaolin: a new generation mineral admixture”, Concrete International, vol. 16., no. 11, 1994, pp. 32–40.

Scherb S., Beuntner H.., and Thienel KC., “Reaction kinetics of basic clays present in natural mixed clays”, in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Calcined Clays for Sustainable Concrete, Martirena F et al. eds., Havana, Cuba: Springer Nature; 2018. p. 427 - 433.

Serdyuk V.R., Rudchenko D.G. and Dyuzhilova N.O., “The use of low clinker binders in the production of autoclaved aerated concrete by cutting technology”, Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, no. 6/1 (108), 2020, рр.63-71.

PN-EN 771-4 Technical characteristics of stone blocks - Part 4: Stone blocks made of autoclaved aerated concrete.

Wikipedia, Global temperature record. Available: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_temperature_record [Access: 11 Jun 2021]


Published : 2022-03-30

Rudchenko, D. and Serdyuk, V. (2022) “Environmental aspects of the production and use of autoclaved aerated concrete with low density”, Budownictwo i Architektura, 21(1), pp. 019-030. doi: 10.35784/bud-arch.2721.

Dmitry Rudchenko  aeroc@aeroc.ua
Aeroc LLC;  Ukraine
Vasyl Serdyuk 
Department of Construction, Urban Economy and Architecture; Vinnytsia National Technical University;  Ukraine

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Budownictwo i Architektura supports the open science program. The journal enables Open Access to their publications. Everyone can view, download and forward articles, provided that the terms of the license are respected.

Publishing of articles is possible after submitting a signed statement on the transfer of a license to the Journal.