Impact of recycled aggregate brick on the physical-mechanical and environmental characteristics of cement treated bases

Youcef Toumi

youcef.toumi@doc.umc.edu.dz
Department of Civil Engineering; Laboratory of Materials and Durability of Construction (LMDC); Faculty of Technology; University of Mentouri Constantine I; (Algeria)
https://orcid.org/0009-0004-3050-3642

Samy Mezhoud


Department of Civil Engineering; Faculty of Technology; University of Mentouri Constantine I; (Algeria)
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0441-8773

Otmane Boukendakdji


3Department of Civil Engineering; Laboratory Materials and Environment (LME); Faculty of Technology; University of Médéa; (Algeria)
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1360-8149

Moussa Hadjadj


Department of Civil Engineering; Faculty of Technology; University of Médéa ; (Algeria)
https://orcid.org/0009-0007-2304-2712

Abstract

Recycled aggregate brick (RAB) constitutes a significant waste stream in developed countries, originating from brick manufacturing and demolition processes. This paper investigates the potential utilization of various sizes of RAB as replacements for natural aggregate (NA) in cement-treated bases (CTB), along with an assessment of their mechanical and environmental properties. The study includes a life cycle analysis to evaluate the environmental impacts of different CTB formulations. The novelty of this study lies in the environmental evaluation of four types of CTB, including natural, recycled, and mixed CTB. The physical and mechanical properties of the recycled brick and natural materials are characterized and compared. Results indicate that recycled brick aggregates, when combined with a cement mixture, can be used as a base and sub-base layer with good mechanical performance. Moreover, environmental analyses demonstrate that recycled aggregate generates fewer impacts than natural aggregates. Consequently, this study suggests that the utilization of recycled aggregates brick in CTB offers a sustainable waste management solution while simultaneously contributing to the reduction of environmental impacts associated with construction activities.


Keywords:

Cement Treated Base, Life Cycle Analysis, Physical-mechanical, Recycled Aggregate Brick

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Published
2023-09-29

Cited by

Toumi, Y. (2023) “Impact of recycled aggregate brick on the physical-mechanical and environmental characteristics of cement treated bases”, Budownictwo i Architektura, 22(3), pp. 027–044. doi: 10.35784/bud-arch.3645.

Authors

Youcef Toumi 
youcef.toumi@doc.umc.edu.dz
Department of Civil Engineering; Laboratory of Materials and Durability of Construction (LMDC); Faculty of Technology; University of Mentouri Constantine I; Algeria
https://orcid.org/0009-0004-3050-3642

Authors

Samy Mezhoud 

Department of Civil Engineering; Faculty of Technology; University of Mentouri Constantine I; Algeria
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0441-8773

Authors

Otmane Boukendakdji 

3Department of Civil Engineering; Laboratory Materials and Environment (LME); Faculty of Technology; University of Médéa; Algeria
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1360-8149

Authors

Moussa Hadjadj 

Department of Civil Engineering; Faculty of Technology; University of Médéa ; Algeria
https://orcid.org/0009-0007-2304-2712

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